BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction markers are increased in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The present study focused on the relationship between EC markers, conduit artery wall mechanics and hemodynamics in ESRD. METHODS: In 29 ESRD patients and 16 controls, brachial artery diameter, distension, and wall thickness was measured and circumferential wall stress (CWS) calculated. Shear stress was determined with a shear rate-estimating system. Furthermore, von Willebrand factor antigen (vWF) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels were measured. RESULTS: vWF (p = 0.002) and ET-1 (p < 0.001) were higher in ESRD patients and vWF was related to ET-1 (r = 0.70, p = 0.005). Peak (p = 0.001) and mean shear stress (p = 0.003) were significantly lower in ESRD patients, and ET-1 showed an inverse log linear relation with both (peak: r = -0.59, p = 0.016; mean: r = -0.64, p = 0.007). Also, ET-1 was log linearly related to CWS (r = 0.58, p = 0.014). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that, in ESRD, conduit artery shear stress is lower, which might be secondary to an increased peripheral vascular resistance caused by higher ET-1 levels.