Objectives: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk increases within months of combination oral contraceptive (COC) initiation. Because elevated endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) has been found in several studies to be a VTE risk factor, we evaluated the extent of ETP changes during the initial cycle of an ethinyl estradiol (EE) and levonorgestrel (LNG) COC. We also assessed the relationship between ETP changes and systemic EE and LNG concentrations.
Study design: Participants provided multiple blood samples during a first 21-day cycle of a 30-mcg EE/150-mcg LNG COC and after a further 7 days without an active COC. Thrombin generation measured with and without addition of activated protein C (APC) yielded ETP+APC and ETP-APC and the normalized APC sensitivity ratio (nAPCsr). EE and LNG pharmacokinetic analyses were conducted over 24 h after the first COC tablet and again at steady state.
Results: Thrombin generation was determined in 16 of the 17 women who completed the study. Mean ETP-APC increased steadily to 21% above baseline at 24 h after the 6th COC tablet (COC624; p
Conclusions: ETP increases during the first COC cycle were substantial. Implications: The early increases in ETP may provide biological support for the rapid increase in VTE risk during initial COC use. The lack of association between this clotting system perturbation and the systemic EE concentration is surprising and deserves further study. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - May 2017|
- Oral contraceptives
- Venous thromboembolism
- Endogenous thrombin potential
- Protein C
- ACTIVATED PROTEIN-C
- RECURRENT VENOUS THROMBOEMBOLISM
- DEEP-VEIN THROMBOSIS
- S DEFICIENCY