Emotion regulation in response to daily negative and positive events in youth: The role of event intensity and psychopathology

A.P. Hiekkaranta*, O.J. Kirtley, G. Lafit, J. Decoster, C. Derom, M. de Hert, S. Guloksuz, N. Jacobs, C. Menne-Lothmann, B.P.F. Rutten, E. Thiery, J. van Os, R. van Winkel, M. Wichers, I. Myin-Germeys

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Environmental and individual contextual factors profoundly influence how people regulate their emotions. The current article addresses the role of event intensity and psychopathology (an admixture of depression, anxiety, and psychoticism) on emotion regulation in response to naturally occurring events. For six days each evening, a youth sample (aged 15-25, N = 713) recorded the intensity of the most positive and most negative event of the day and their subsequent emotion regulation. The intensity of negative events was positively associated with summed total emotion regulation effort, strategy diversity, engaging in rumination, situation modification, emotion expression, and sharing and negatively associated with reappraisal and acceptance. The intensity of positive events was positively associated with strategy diversity, savoring, emotion expression, and sharing. Higher psychopathology symptoms were only related to ruminating more about negative events. We interpret these findings as support for the role of context in the degree of effort and type of emotion regulation that young people engage in.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103916
Number of pages14
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • ANXIETY
  • Adolescence
  • BENEFITS
  • DAILY-LIFE
  • DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
  • EXPERIENCE
  • Emotion regulation
  • Experience sampling method
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • Positive emotion regulation
  • Psychopathology
  • REACTIVITY
  • RUMINATION
  • STRATEGIES
  • STRESS
  • WOMEN
  • MOOD

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