Emergency Response to and Preparedness for Extreme Weather Events and Environmental Changes in China

L. Wang, Y. Liao, L. Yang, H. Li, B. Ye, W. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

China has achieved impressive rapid economic growth over the past 30 years but accompanied by significant extreme weather events and environmental changes caused by global change and overfast urbanization. Using the absolute hazards index (AHI), we assessed the spatial distribution patterns and related health effects of 4 major extreme natural disasters, including drought, floods (landslides, mudslides), hails, and typhoons from 2000 to 2011 at the provincial level in China. The results showed that (1) central and south China were the most affected by the 4 natural disasters, and north China suffered less; (2) the provinces with higher AHI suffered most from total death, missing people, collapse, and emergently relocated population; (3) the present health emergency response system to disasters in China mainly lacks a multidisciplinary approach. In the concluding section of this article, suggestions on preparedness and rapid response to extreme health events from environmental changes are proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59S–66S
Number of pages8
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume28
Issue number2S
Early online date22 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • preparedness
  • response
  • extreme health event
  • disaster
  • absolute hazards index
  • environmental change

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