Electro-spun PLA-PEG-yarns for tissue engineering applications

Magnus Kruse, Marc Greuel, Franziska Kreimendahl, Thomas Schneiders, Benedict Bauer, Thomas Gries, Stefan Jockenhoevel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Electro-spinning is widely used in tissue-engineered applications mostly in form of non-woven structures. The development of e-spun yarn opens the door for textile fabrics which combine the micro to nanoscale dimension of electro-spun filaments with three-dimensional (3D) drapable textile fabrics. Therefore, the aim of the study was the implementation of a process for electro-spun yarns. Polylactic acid (PLA) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were spun from chloroform solutions with varying PLA/PEG ratios (100:0, 90:10, 75:25 and 50:50). The yarn samples produced were analyzed regarding their morphology, tensile strength, water uptake and cytocompatibility. It was found that the yarn diameter decreased when the funnel collector rotation was increasd, however, the fiber diameter was not influenced. The tensile strength was also found to be dependent on the PEG content. While samples composed of 100% PLA showed a tensile strength of 2.5±0.7 cN/tex, the tensile strength increased with a decreasing PLA content (PLA 75%/PEG 25%) to 6.2±0.5 cN/tex. The variation of the PEG content also influenced the viscosity of the spinning solutions. The investigation of the cytocompatibility with endothelial cells was conducted for PLA/PEG 90:10 and 75:25 and indicated that the samples are cytocompatible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-243
Number of pages13
JournalBiomedizinische Technik
Volume63
Issue number3
Early online date30 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • electro-spinning
  • funnel collector
  • nanofiber yarn
  • polyethylene glycol
  • polylactic acid
  • yarn
  • NANOFIBER YARNS
  • REGENERATIVE MEDICINE
  • GLYCOL)
  • BLENDS
  • ACID)
  • Tensile Strength
  • Viscosity
  • Polyesters/chemistry
  • Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry
  • Tissue Engineering

Cite this

Kruse, M., Greuel, M., Kreimendahl, F., Schneiders, T., Bauer, B., Gries, T., & Jockenhoevel, S. (2018). Electro-spun PLA-PEG-yarns for tissue engineering applications. Biomedizinische Technik, 63(3), 231-243. https://doi.org/10.1515/bmt-2017-0232