Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has proven to be safe and effective for both hypo- and hyperkinetic movement disorders of basal ganglia origin, while its application to other neural pathways such as the circuit of Papez is under investigation. In particular, the fornix has gained interest as potential DBS target to decrease rates of cognitive decline, enhance memory, aid visuospatial memorization, and improve verbal recollection. While the exact mechanisms of action of fornix DBS are not completely understood, studies found enhanced hippocampal acetylcholine release, synaptic plasticity, and decreased inflammatory responses in cortex and hippocampus. Nevertheless, it is still premature to conclude that fornix DBS can be used in the treatment of cognitive disorders, and the field needs sound, preclinically tested, and disease-specific a posteriori hypotheses.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Handbook of Clinical Neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Brain Diseases
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Electric Stimulation
- Fornix, Brain