Ehlers-Danlos arthrochalasia type (VIIA-B) - expanding the phenotype: from prenatal life through adulthood

M. Klaassens*, E. Reinstein, Y. Hilhorst-Hofstee, J. J. P. Schrander, F. Malfait, H. Staal, L. C. ten Have, J. Blaauw, H. C. J. Roggeveen, D. Krakow, A. De Paepe, M. A. M. van Steensel, G. Pals, J. M., Jr. Graham, C. T. R. M. Schrander-Stumpel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

21 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Klaassens M, Reinstein E, Hilhorst-Hofstee Y, Schrander JJP, Malfait F, Staal H, ten Have LC, Blaauw J, Roggeveen HCJ, Krakow D, De Paepe A, van Steensel MAM, Pals G, Graham JM Jr, Schrander-Stumpel CTRM. EhlersDanlos arthrochalasia types (VIIAB) expanding the phenotype: from prenatal life through adulthood. The EhlersDanlos syndromes (EDS) form a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of inherited connective-tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, tissue fragility and skin abnormalities. Six subtypes have been well characterized based on clinical features and molecular genetic abnormalities. The arthrochalasia type EDS (formerly types VIIA and B) is characterized by severe generalized joint hypermobility with multiple dislocations including congenital bilateral dislocation of the hips, muscular hypotonia and distinct dysmorphic features. The diagnosis of the arthrochalasia type EDS is of importance in the neonatal period because of consequences of physical disability in later life. However, the differential diagnosis may be difficult because of overlap with other hypermobility syndromes. In addition, the significant hypotonia may direct the physician toward various neuromuscular diagnoses. As patients become older, the hypotonia decreases and facial features become less distinct. In this report, we describe seven patients at different ages. Timing of diagnosis varied from prenatal life to adult age. The diagnosis of EDS type VII was confirmed by biochemical studies or mutation analysis showing characteristic mutations in COL1A1 and COL1A2. These mutations result in skipping of exon 6, which leads to defective collagen synthesis. For physicians treating patients with EDS type VII, achieving mobility for the patient is the greatest challenge and it may be impossible because of recurrent dislocations of nearly all joints in severe cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-130
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • EDS type VII
  • Ehlers
  • Danlos syndrome (EDS)
  • hypermobility
  • (sub)luxations
  • the arthrochalasia type EDS

Cite this