The primary aim of the current study was to examine whether depleted cognitive resources might have ramifications for the formation of neutral and negative spontaneous false memories. To examine this, participants received neutral and negative Deese/Roediger-McDermott false memory wordlists. Also, for half of the participants, cognitive resources were depleted by use of an ego depletion manipulation (solving difficult calculations while being interfered with auditory noise). Our chief finding was that depleted cognitive resources made participants more vulnerable for the production of false memories. Our results shed light on how depleted cognitive resources affect neutral and negative correct and errant memories.
Otgaar, H. P., Alberts, H. J. E. M., & Cuppens, L. (2012). Ego depletion results in an increase in spontaneous false memories. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(4), 1673-1680. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2012.09.006