EGFR mutated non-small cell lung cancer patients: More prone to development of bone and brain metastases?

L. E. L. Hendriks*, E. F. Smit, B. A. H. Vosse, W. W. Mellema, D. A. M. Heideman, G. P. Bootsma, M. Westenend, C. Pitz, G. J. de Vries, R. Houben, K. Grunberg, M. Bendek, E-J M. Speel, A-M C. Dingemans

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objectives: Both bone and brain are frequent sites of metastasis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Conflicting data exist whether EGFR mutant (+) patients are more prone to develop brain metastases or have a better outcome with brain metastases compared to EGFR/KRAS wildtype (WT) or KRAS+ patients. For bone metastases this has not been studied. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study all EGFR+ (exons 19 and 21) patients diagnosed at two pathology departments were selected (2004/2008 to 2012). For every EGER+ patient a consecutive KRAS+ and WT patient with metastatic NSCLC (mNSCLC) was identified. Patients with another malignancy within 2 years of mNSCLC diagnosis were excluded. Data regarding age, gender, performance score, histology, treatment, bone/brain metastases diagnosis, skeletal related events (SRE) and subsequent survival were collected. Results: 189 patients were included: 62 EGFR+, 65 KRAS+, 62 WT. 32%, 35% and 40%, respectively, had brain metastases (p = 0.645). Mean time to brain metastases was 20.8 [+/- 12.0], 10.8 [+/- 9.8], 16.4 [+/- 10.2] months (EGFR+-KRAS+, p = 0.020, EGFR+-WT, p = 0.321). Median post brain metastases survival was 12.1 [5.0-19.1], 7.6 [1.2-14.0], 10.7 [1.5-19.8] months (p = 0.674). 60%, 52% and 50% had metastatic bone disease (p = 0.528). Mean time to development of metastatic bone disease was 13.4[+/- 10.6], 23.3 [+/- 19.4], 16.4 [+/- 9.6] months (p = 0.201). Median post metastatic bone disease survival was 15.0 [10.6-203], 9.0 [5.2-12.9],3.2 [0.0-6.9] months (p = 0.010). Time to 1st SRE was not significantly different. Conclusions: Incidence of brain and bone metastases was not different between EGER+, KRAS+ and WT patients. Post brain metastases survival, time from mNSCLC diagnosis to metastatic bone disease and 1st SRE did not differ either. Post metastatic bone disease survival was significantly longer in EGFR+ patients. Although prevention of SRE's is important for all patients, the latter finding calls for a separate study for SRE preventing agents in EGFR+ patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-91
JournalLung Cancer
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • NSCLC
  • EGFR
  • KRAS
  • Brain metastases
  • Bone metastases
  • Survival

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