Efficacy, safety, and predictors of intradiscal methylene blue injection for discogenic low back pain: results of a multicenter prospective clinical series

J.W. Kallewaard, Jose Geurts, Alfons G. Kessels, P. Willems, Henk van Santbrink, M. van Kleef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Study DesignProspective clinical study of intradiscal methylene blue injection for the treatment of lumbar discogenic pain.

ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to collect information about efficacy, safety, and acceptability of the intervention, gain and burden of outcome measures, and sample size assumptions for a potential following randomized controlled trial (RCT). If the pilot study demonstrates that this treatment is potentially effective and safe, and the methods and procedures used in this study are feasible, a RCT follows.

Summary of Background DataLow back pain (LBP) is a highly common problem with a lifetime prevalence of more than 70%. A substantial part of chronic LBP is attributable to degenerative changes in the intervertebral disc. A recently published RCT assessing the treatment intradiscal injection of methylene blue for chronic discogenic LBP, showed exceptionally good results.

MethodsPatients were selected on clinical criteria, magnetic resonance imaging, and a positive provocative discogram. The primary outcome measure was mean pain reduction at 6months.

ResultsFifteen consecutive patients with chronic lumbar discogenic pain enrolled in a multicenter prospective case series in two interventional pain treatment centers in the Netherlands. Six months after the intervention, 40% of the patients claimed at least 30% pain relief. In patients who responded, physical function improved and medication use diminished. We observed no procedural complications or adverse events. Predictors for success were Pfirrmann grading of 2 or less and higher quality of life mental component scores.

ConclusionsOur findings of 40% positive respondents, and no complications, give reason to set up a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-412
Number of pages8
JournalPain Practice
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • intervertebral disc
  • low back pain
  • methylene blue
  • refractory pain
  • LUMBAR INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
  • CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • IMMPACT RECOMMENDATIONS
  • PRIMARY-CARE
  • RADIOFREQUENCY
  • DISEASE
  • DISCOGRAPHY
  • MODALITIES
  • MANAGEMENT
  • THERAPY

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