Efficacy of alpha-Lactalbumin and Milk Protein on Weight Loss and Body Composition During Energy Restriction

S. Soenen, A. Hochstenbach-Waelen, M.S. Westerterp-Plantenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Our objective was to examine whether elevated alpha-lactalbumin (alphalac) protein intake compared to elevated supra sustained milk protein (SSP) and sustained milk protein (SP) intake results into a difference in body weight and body composition over a 6-month energy-restriction intervention. Body weight, body composition, resting energy expenditure (REE), satiety and blood- and urine-parameters of 87 subjects (BMI 31 +/- 5 kg/m(2) and fat percentage 40 +/- 8%) were assessed before and after daily energy intakes of 100, 33, and 67% for 1, 1, and 2 months respectively (periods 1, 2, and 3), with protein intake from meal replacements and 2 months of 67% with ad libitum protein intake additional to the meal replacements (period 4). The diets resulted in 0.8 +/- 0.3 g/kg body mass (BM) for SP and significant higher protein intake (24-h nitrogen) of 1.2 +/- 0.3 and 1.0 +/- 0.3 g/kgBM for SSP and alphalac (P < 0.05). Body weight and fat percentage was decreased in all groups after 6 months (SP -7 +/- 5 kg and -5 +/- 3%; SSP -6 +/- 3 kg and -5 +/- 3%; alphalac -6 +/- 4 kg and -4 +/- 4%, P < 0.001; there was no significant group by time difference). Furthermore, sparing of fat-free mass (FFM) and preservation of REE in function of FFM during weight loss was not significantly different between the alphalac-group and the SSP- and SP-groups. In conclusion, the efficacy of alphalac in reduction of body weight and fat mass (FM), and preservation of FFM does not differ from the efficacy of similar daily intakes of milk protein during 6 months of energy restriction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-379
Number of pages10
JournalObesity
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • DIET-INDUCED THERMOGENESIS
  • HIGH-CARBOHYDRATE DIET
  • FAT DIETS
  • RESPIRATION CHAMBER
  • GLYCEMIC CONTROL
  • MUSCLE PROTEIN
  • OBESE SUBJECTS
  • LABELED WATER
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • APPETITE

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