Efficacy and safety of dronedarone versus placebo in patients with atrial fibrillation stratified according to renal function: Post hoc analyses of the EURIDIS-ADONIS trials

M. Thind*, W. Zareba, D. Atar, H.J.G.M. Crijns, J. Zhu, H.N. Pak, J. Reiffel, U. Ludwigs, M. Wieloch, J. Stewart, P. Kowey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background The use of antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is complex because impaired renal clearance can cause increased drug levels, and risk of intolerance or adverse events. Due to the propensity for CKD to occur alongside atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter (AF/AFL), it is essential that AAD safety and efficacy are assessed for patients with CKD. Hypothesis Dronedarone, an approved AAD, may present a suitable therapeutic option for patients with AF/AFL and concomitant CKD. Methods EURIDIS-ADONIS (EURIDIS, NCT00259428; ADONIS, NCT00259376) were identically designed, multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group trials investigating AF/AFL control with dronedarone 400 mg twice daily versus placebo (randomized 2:1). In this post hoc analysis, the primary endpoint was time to first AF/AFL. Patients were stratified according to renal function using the CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration equation and divided into estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) subgroups of 30-44, 45-59, 60-89, and >= 90 ml/min. Time-to-events between treatment groups were compared using log-rank testing and Cox regression. Results At baseline, most (86%) patients demonstrated a mild or mild-to-moderate eGFR decrease. Median time to first AF/AFL recurrence was significantly longer with dronedarone versus placebo for all eGFR subgroups except the 30 to 44 ml/min group, where the trend was similar but statistical power may have been limited by the small population. eGFR stratification had no significant effect on serious adverse events, deaths, or treatment discontinuations. Conclusions This analysis suggests that dronedarone could be an effective therapeutic option for AF with an acceptable safety profile in patients with impaired renal function.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-109
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • antiarrhythmic drugs
  • atrial fibrillation
  • atrial flutter
  • chronic kidney disease
  • dronedarone
  • renal function
  • GFR

Cite this