Effects of two consecutive mixed meals high in palmitic acid or stearic acid on 8-h postprandial lipemia and glycemia in healthy-weight and overweight men and postmenopausal women: a randomized controlled trial

M.A. van Rooijen, J. Plat, P.L. Zock, W.A.M. Blom, R.P. Mensink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose Palmitic and stearic acids have different effects on fasting serum lipoproteins. However, the effects on postprandial lipemia and glycemia are less clear. Also, the effects of a second meal may differ from those of the first meal. Therefore, we studied the effects of two consecutive mixed meals high in palmitic acid- or stearic acid-rich fat blends on postprandial lipemia and glycemia. Methods In a randomized, crossover study, 32 participants followed 4-week diets rich in palmitic or stearic acids, At the end of each dietary period, participants consumed two consecutive meals each containing +/- 50 g of the corresponding fat blend. Results Postprandial concentrations of triacylglycerol (diet-effect: - 0.18 mmol/L; p = 0.001) and apolipoprotein B48 (diet-effect: - 0.68 mg/L; p = 0.002) were lower after stearic-acid than after palmitic-acid intake. Consequently, total (iAUC(0-8 h)) and first meal (iAUC(0-4 h)) responses were lower after stearic-acid intake (p <= 0.01). Second meal responses (iAUC(4-8 h)) were not different. Postprandial changes between the diets in non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and C-peptide differed significantly over time (p < 0.001 and p = 0.020 for diet*time effects, respectively), while those for glucose and insulin did not. The dAUC(0-8 h), dAUC(0-4 h), and dAUC(4-8 h) for NEFA were larger after stearic-acid intake (p <= 0.05). No differences were observed in the iAUCs of C-peptide, glucose, and insulin. However, second meal responses for glucose and insulin (iAUC(4-8 h)) tended to be lower after stearic-acid intake (p < 0.10). Conclusion Consumption of the stearic acid-rich meals lowered postprandial lipemia as compared with palmitic acid. After the second stearic acid-rich meal, concentrations of C-peptide peaked earlier and those of NEFA decreased more. Clinical trial registry This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02835651 on July 18, 2016.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3659-3667
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number7
Early online date17 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Stearic acid
  • Palmitic acid
  • Human intervention study
  • Postprandial
  • Lipemia
  • Glycemia

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