Effects of selective attention on perceptual filling-in

P.H.M. de Weerd*, E. Smith, P. Greenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


After few seconds, a figure steadily presented in peripheral vision becomes perceptually filled-in by its background, as if it "disappeared". We report that directing attention to the color, shape, or location of a figure increased the probability of perceiving filling-in compared to unattended figures, without modifying the time required for filling-in. This effect could be augmented by boosting attention. Furthermore, the frequency distribution of filling-in response times for attended figures could be predicted by multiplying the frequencies of response times for unattended figures with a constant. We propose that, after failure of figure-ground segregation, the neural interpolation processes that produce perceptual filling-in are enhanced in attended figure regions. As filling-in processes are involved in surface perception, the present study demonstrates that even very early visual processes are subject to modulation by cognitive factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-347
JournalJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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