Effects of plant stanol ester consumption on fasting plasma oxy(phyto)sterol concentrations as related to fecal microbiota characteristics

S. Baumgartner, R.P. Mensink, E. de Smet, M. Konings, S. Fuentes, W.M. de Vos, J. Plat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Information regarding dietary effects on plasma oxyphytosterol concentrations as well as on the origin of oxyphytosterols is scarce. We hypothesized that plant sterols are oxidized in the intestinal lumen, mediated by microbial activity, followed by uptake into the circulation. To address this hypothesis, we carried out, a randomized, double blind, crossover study in 13 healthy subjects, who consumed for 3 weeks control and plant stanol ester enriched margarines (3.0g/d plant stanols) separated by a 4-week wash-out period. Plasma oxy(phyto)sterols were determined via GC-MS/MS, while microbiota analyses were performed on fecal DNA using a phylogenetic microarray to assess microbial composition and diversity. Plasma plant sterol concentrations did not correlate with plasma oxyphytosterols concentrations at baseline. Plant stanol consumption reduced serum sitosterol and campesterol concentrations (-37% and -38%), respectively (p<0.001), as well as plasma concentrations of 7beta-OH-campesterol (-24%; p<0.05), 7beta-OH-sitosterol (-17%; p<0.05) and 7-keto-sitosterol (-13%; p<0.05). Although the intestinal microbiota composition and diversity of the faecal contents were not different between the two periods, we observed significant correlations between several specific bacterial groups and plasma plant sterol, but not with plasma oxyphytosterol concentrations. In conclusion, plant stanol ester consumption reduced serum plant sterol and plasma oxyphytosterol concentrations, while intestinal microbiota composition and diversity were not changed. To definitely answer the effects of microbiota on oxyphytosterol formation, future studies could examine oxyphytosterol concentrations after changing intestinal microbial composition or by measuring intestinal oxyphytosterol formation after providing labelled non-oxidized plant sterols.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Plant stanols
  • Oxyphytosterols
  • Oxycholesterols
  • Gut microbiota
  • MASS SPECTROMETRY METHOD
  • ENRICHED MARGARINE
  • OXYPHYTOSTEROL CONCENTRATIONS
  • METABOLIC SYNDROME
  • HEALTHY-SUBJECTS
  • GUT MICROBIOTA
  • SERUM-LIPIDS
  • CHOLESTEROL
  • OBESITY
  • PHYTOSTEROLS

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