The looking behavior of children with pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) and age- and IQ-matched normal control children was studied using infrared oculography. Stimuli varying in complexity and topic were presented to test whether children with PDD have specific abnormalities in looking behavior to complex stimuli and/or to faces. All children showed more and longer fixations on the complex objects than on the simple objects, especially the complex nonsense figure, but group differences were not found. The results show no evidence for specific abnormalities in looking behavior to either faces or to complex stimuli in high functioning children with PDD.
Kemner, C., van der Geest, J. N., Verbaten, M. N., & van Engeland, H. (2007). Effects of object complexity and type on the gaze behavior of children with pervasive developmental disorder. Brain and Cognition, 65(1), 107-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2006.05.006