Effects of Monomeric and Oligomeric Flavanols on Kidney Function, Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Runners: A Randomized Double-Blind Pilot Study

K.O. Semen*, A.R. Weseler, M.J.W. Janssen, M.J. Drittij-Reijnders, J.L.M.L. le Noble, A. Bast

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)

Abstract

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are frequently used by athletes in order to prevent musculoskeletal pain and improve performance. In combination with strenuous exercise, they can contribute to a reduction of renal blood flow and promote development of kidney damage. We aimed to investigate whether monomeric and oligomeric flavanols (MOF) could reduce the severity of kidney injuries associated with the intake of 400-mg ibuprofen followed by the completion of a half-marathon in recreational athletes. In this double-blind, randomized study, the original MOF blend of extracts from grape seeds (Vitis viniferaL.) and pine bark (Pinus pinasterL.) or placebo were taken for 14 days preceding the ibuprofen/half-marathon. Urine samples were collected before and after the ibuprofen/half-marathon, and biomarkers of kidney injury, inflammation and oxidative stress were assessed. Intake of MOF significantly reduced the incidence of post-race hematuria (p =0.0004) and lowered concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6 in the urine (p =0.032). Urinary neutrophil-associated lipocalin, creatine, albumin, IL-8 and malondialdehyde tended to decrease. The supplementation with MOF in recreational runners appears to safely preserve kidney function, reduce inflammation and promote antioxidant defense during strenuous exercise and intake of a single dose of ibuprofen.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1634
Number of pages15
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • admission
  • biomarkers
  • exercise
  • flavanols
  • gelatinase-associated lipocalin
  • ibuprofen
  • inflammation
  • injury
  • kidney function
  • marathon
  • neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin
  • performance
  • prevalence
  • proanthocyanidins
  • renal-function
  • PERFORMANCE
  • RENAL-FUNCTION
  • INJURY
  • PREVALENCE
  • MARATHON
  • ADMISSION
  • PROANTHOCYANIDINS
  • GELATINASE-ASSOCIATED LIPOCALIN
  • BIOMARKERS
  • IBUPROFEN

Cite this