Effects of less-invasive surfactant administration on oxygenation, pulmonary surfactant distribution, and lung compliance in spontaneously breathing preterm lambs

Hendrik J. Niemarkt, Elke Kuypers, Reint Jellema, Daan Ophelders, Matthias Huetten, Maria Nikiforou, Angela Kribs, Boris W. Kramer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

A new technique was proposed to administer surfactant to spontaneous breathing preterm infants by placing a thin catheter through the vocal cords. This technique was not studied with respect to oxygenation, gas exchange, surfactant distribution, and lung mechanics. We tested the technique of less-invasive surfactant administration (LISA) in a spontaneous breathing preterm lamb model. METHODS: Preterm lambs (n = 12) of 133-134 d gestational age were randomized to the following three groups: (i) continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) only, (ii) CPAP + LISA, and (iii) intubation and mechanical ventilation with surfactant administration. Surfactant was labeled with samarium oxide. During the next 180 min, blood gas analyses were performed. Postmortem, lungs were removed and surfactant distribution was assessed, and pressure-volume curves were performed. RESULTS: Pao(2) in the LISA-treated. lambs was significantly higher than in the lambs that exclusively received CPAP. Moreover, Pao(2) values were similar between the LISA-treated and the intubated lambs. Overall, surfactant deposition was less in the LISA lambs, with significantly less surfactant distributed to the right upper lobe. Lung compliance was better in the intubated lambs compared with the LISA-treated lambs, although this did not reach significance. CONCLUSION: LISA improved oxygenation, similar to conventional surfactant application techniques, despite lower surfactant deposition and lung compliance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-170
JournalPediatric Research
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014

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