Effects of HIV on gender gaps in school attendance of children in Zimbabwe: a non-linear multivariate decomposition analysis

Tatenda Zinyemba*, Milena Pavlova, Wim Groot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


We examine the effects of HIV-infection on school attendance in Zimbabwe using recent nationally representative data of 11,673 children aged 6–18 years. We employ a non-linear multivariate decomposition approach to examine how HIV affects gender gaps in school attendance. We find gaps in school attendance between HIV-positive boys and girls and between HIV-negative and positive girls. About 44% of the attendance gap in both cohorts is attributed to differences in observable characteristics. About 56% of this gap is attributed to differences in the effects of these characteristics. The results indicate that HIV mainly affects girls’ school attendance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-489
Number of pages19
JournalEducation Economics
Issue number5
Early online date13 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2021


  • HIV
  • children
  • education
  • gender gap

Cite this