Effects of gastrointestinal delivery of non-caloric tastants on energy intake: a systematic review and meta-analysis

T. Klaassen*, D. Keszthelyi, F.J. Troost, A. Bast, A.A.M. Masclee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Purpose Taste receptors are expressed throughout the gastrointestinal tract. The activation of post-oral taste receptors using tastants could provide a non-invasive treatment option in combating the obesity epidemic. The aim of this review was to examine the effect of post-oral delivery of non-caloric tastants on eating behavior reflected by primary outcome energy intake and secondary outcomes GI symptoms and perceptions and potential underlying mechanisms. This review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews. Methods A systematic literature search of the Cochrane, PubMed, Embase, and Medline databases was performed. This systematic review and meta-analysis was registered in the PROSPERO database on 26 February 2020 (ID: CRD42020171182). Two researchers independently screened 11,912 articles and extracted information from 19 articles. If at least two studies investigated the effect of the same taste compound on primary outcome energy intake, a meta-analysis was performed to determine pooled effect sizes. Results Nineteen papers including healthy volunteers were included. In the 19 papers analyzed, effects of various tastants were investigated in healthy volunteers. Most extensively investigated were bitter tastants. The meta-analysis of effects of bitter tastants showed a significant reduction in energy intake of 54.62 kcal (95% CI - 78.54 to - 30.69, p = 0.0014). Conclusions Bitter stimuli are most potent to influence eating behavior. Energy intake decreased after post-oral delivery of bitter tastants. This highlights the potential of a preventive role of bitter tastants in battling the obesity epidemic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2923-2947
Number of pages25
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume60
Issue number6
Early online date8 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Eating behavior
  • Energy intake
  • Gastrointestinal
  • Motility
  • Satiety
  • Taste
  • eating behavior
  • energy intake
  • gastrointestinal
  • motility
  • satiety
  • taste
  • CHOLECYSTOKININ
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • INDUCED SATIETY
  • RELEASE
  • LIKING
  • BITTER TASTE
  • GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1
  • RECEPTORS
  • EXPRESSION

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