The present study investigated the effects of exposure to a food cue on the self-reported importance of dieting in those with low, medium, and high levels of dietary restraint. The results indicated that exposure to a food cue bolstered dieting-related goals in those who were low in dietary restraint but had no effect on the importance of dieting-related goals for those with medium or high levels of dietary restraint. The results demonstrate that exposure to temptations may differentially affect self-control processes depending on an individuals' level of dietary restraint.
Coelho, J. S., Polivy, J., Herman, C., & Pliner, P. P. (2008). Effects of food-cue exposure on dieting-related goals: A limitation to counteractive-control theory. Appetite, 51 (2), 347-349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2008.04.001