Effects of Fibrinogen Concentrate on Thrombin Generation, Thromboelastometry Parameters, and Laboratory Coagulation Testing in a 24-Hour Porcine Trauma Model

Christian Zentai, Cristina Solomon, Paola E. J. van der Meijden, Henri M. H. Spronk, Jonas Schnabel, Rolf Rossaint, Oliver Grottke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: In a 24-hour porcine model of liver injury, we showed that fibrinogen supplementation does not downregulate endogenous fibrinogen synthesis. Here we report data from the same study showing the impact of fibrinogen on coagulation variables. Materials and Methods: Coagulopathy was induced in 20 German land race pigs by hemodilution and blunt liver injury. Animals randomly received fibrinogen concentrate (100 mg/kg) or saline. Coagulation parameters were assessed and thromboelastometry (ROTEM) was performed. Results: Fibrinogen concentrate significantly reduced the prolongations of EXTEM clotting time, EXTEM clot formation time, and prothrombin time induced by hemodilution and liver injury. A decrease in clot strength was also ameliorated. Endogenous thrombin potential was significantly higher in the fibrinogen group than in the control group, 20 minutes (353 24 vs 289 +/- 22 nmol/Lmin; P <.05) and 100 minutes (315 +/- 40 vs 263 +/- 38 nmol/Lmin; P <.05) after the start of infusion. However, no significant between-group differences were seen in other thrombin generation parameters or in d-dimer or thrombin-antithrombin levels. Fibrinogen-platelet binding was reduced following liver injury, with no significant differences between groups. No significant between-group differences were observed in any parameter at approximate to 12 and approximate to 24 hours. Conclusion: This study suggests that, in trauma, fibrinogen supplementation may shorten some measurements of the speed of coagulation initiation and produce a short-lived increase in endogenous thrombin potential, potentially through increased clotting substrate availability. Approximately 12 and 24 hours after starting fibrinogen concentrate/saline infusion, all parameters measured in this study were comparable in the 2 study groups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-759
JournalClinical and Applied Thrombosis-Hemostasis
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • blood coagulation factors
  • bleeding
  • hemostasis

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