Effects of computer training and Internet usage on the well-being and quality of life of older adults: A randomized, controlled study

K. Slegers, M.P.J. van Boxtel, J. Jolles

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Abstract

The quality of life of older adults may be improved by the use of computer or Web-based services. A limited number of experimental studies on this topic have shown mixed results. We carried out a randomized, controlled intervention study that aimed to examine the causal relationship between computer use and measures of physical well-being, social well-being, emotional well-being, development and activity, and autonomy. We randomly assigned a group of 191 participants to an intervention group, a training-no intervention group, or a no training-no intervention group. A fourth group consisted of 45 participants with no interest in computer use. We collected data at baseline, after 4 months, and after 12 months. The results showed that using computers and the Internet neither positively nor negatively influenced everyday functioning, well-being and mood, and the social network of healthy older individuals. We discuss possibilities for future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)P176-P184
JournalJournals of Gerontology Series B-Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008

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