The effects on health related outcomes of a newly-developed rehabilitation program, called `supported Fast Track multi-trauma rehabilitation service' (Fast Track), were evaluated in comparison with conventional trauma rehabilitation service (Care as Usual).
Prospective, multi-center, non-randomized controlled study. Between 2009 and 2012, 132 adult multi-trauma patients were included: 65 Fast Track and 67 Care as Usual patients with an Injury Severity Score >16, complex multiple injuries in several extremities or complex pelvic and/or acetabulum fractures. The Fast Track program involved: integrated coordination between trauma surgeon and rehabilitation physician, shorter stay in hospital with faster transfer to a specialized trauma rehabilitation unit, earlier start of multidisciplinary treatment and 'non-weight bearing' mobilization. Primary outcomes were functional status (FIM) and quality of life (SF-36) measured through questionnaires at baseline, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months post-trauma. Outcomes were analyzed using a linear mixed-effects regression model.
The FIM scores significantly increased between 0 and 3 months (p
Both Fast Track and Care as Usual rehabilitation programs were effective in that multi trauma patients improved their functional status and quality of life. A faster (maximum) recovery in functional status was observed for Fast Track at 6 months compared to 9 months for Care as Usual. At twelve months follow-up no differential effects between treatment conditions were found.
- FUNCTIONAL INDEPENDENCE MEASURE
- SF-36 HEALTH SURVEY
- MAJOR TRAUMA
- LONGITUDINAL COHORT