Effectiveness of a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Multiple-Lifestyle Intervention for People Interested in Reducing their Cardiovascular Risk: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Vera Storm*, Julia Doerenkaemper, Dominique Reinwand, Julian Wienert, Hein De Vries, Sonia Lippke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Web-based computer-tailored interventions for multiple health behaviors can improve the strength of behavior habits in people who want to reduce their cardiovascular risk. Nonetheless, few randomized controlled trials have tested this assumption to date. Objective: The study aim was to test an 8-week Web-based computer-tailored intervention designed to improve habit strength for physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption among people who want to reduce their cardiovascular risk. In a randomized controlled design, self-reported changes in perceived habit strength, self-efficacy, and planning across different domains of physical activity as well as fruit and vegetable consumption were evaluated. Methods: This study was a randomized controlled trial involving an intervention group (n= 403) and a waiting control group (n= 387). Web-based data collection was performed in Germany and the Netherlands during 2013-2015. The intervention content was based on the Health Action Process Approach and involved personalized feedback on lifestyle behaviors, which indicated whether participants complied with behavioral guidelines for physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption. There were three Web-based assessments: baseline (T0, N= 790), a posttest 8 weeks after the baseline (T1, n= 206), and a follow-up 3 months after the baseline (T2, n= 121). Data analysis was conducted by analyzing variances and structural equation analysis. Results: Significant group by time interactions revealed superior treatment effects for the intervention group, with substantially higher increases in self-reported habit strength for physical activity (F1,199= 7.71, P=. 006, Cohen's d= 0.37) and fruit and vegetable consumption (F1,199= 7.71, P=. 006, Cohen's d= 0.30) at posttest T1 for the intervention group. Mediation analyses yielded behavior-specific sequential mediator effects for T1 planning and T1 self-efficacy between the intervention and habit strength at follow-up T2 (fruit and vegetable consumption: beta= 0.12, 95% CI 0.09-0.16, P
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Web-based intervention
  • computer tailoring
  • cardiovascular disease
  • habit strength
  • self-efficacy
  • planning

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