Effect of self-measurement of blood pressure on adherence to treatment in patients with mild-to-moderate hypertension

Hein A. W. van Onzenoort, Willem J. Verberk, Abraham A. Kroon, Alfons G. H. Kessels, Patricia J. Nelemans, Paul-Hugo M. van der Kuy, Cees Neef, Peter W. de Leeuw*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background Poor adherence to treatment is one of the major problems in the treatment of hypertension. Self blood pressure measurement may help patients to improve their adherence to treatment. Method In this prospective, randomized, controlled study coordinated by a university hospital, a total of 228 mild-to-moderate hypertensive patients were randomized to either a group that performed self-measurements at home in addition to office blood pressure measurements [the self-pressure group (n = 114)] or a group that only underwent office blood pressure measurement [the office pressure group (n = 114)]. Patients were followed for 1 year in which treatment was adjusted, if necessary, at each visit to the physician's office according to the achieved blood pressure. Adherence to treatment was assessed by means of medication event monitoring system TrackCaps. Results Median adherence was slightly greater in patients from the self-pressure group than in those from the office pressure group (92.3 vs. 90.9%; PU0.043). Although identical among both groups, in the week directly after each visit to the physician's office, adherence [71.4% (interquartile range 71-79%)] was significantly lower (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-627
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • adherence
  • blood pressure
  • compliance
  • hypertension
  • self-blood pressure measurement
  • self-measurement

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