Effect of prolonged hyperdynamic endotoxemia on jejunal motility in fasted and enterally fed pigs

M.J. Bruins, Y.C. Luiking, P.B. Soeters, L.M. Akkermans, N.E.P. Deutz

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of hyperdynamic endotoxemia on the motility of the small intestine. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Motility disorders of the gastrointestinal tract are a common complication of sepsis. It has been suggested that gram-negative endotoxin plays a role in the pathogenesis of the accompanying diarrhea frequently observed. METHODS: Pigs were infused with lipopolysaccharide for a 24-hour period. During this fasting period jejunal motility was measured using ambulatory manometry. One and 4 days after cessation of endotoxin, pigs were enterally fed, and again motility was recorded. RESULTS: Hyperdynamic endotoxemia was achieved in this model. Manometric pressure recordings revealed that endotoxin infusion accelerated the migrating motor complex (MMC) migration along the jejunum. Also, a simultaneous increase in MMC cycling frequency was observed in the endotoxin-treated group. Elevated MMC migration velocity and cycling frequency were maintained the following day after endotoxin during feeding and returned to basal values 4 days after endotoxin. CONCLUSIONS: A small dose of continuously infused endotoxin significantly provokes jejunal motility disturbances that may contribute to diarrhea.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Volume237
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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