Effect of Postremission Therapy before Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic Transplantation for Acute Myeloid Leukemia in First Complete Remission

Erica D. Warlick*, Kristjan Paulson, Ruta Brazauskas, Xiaobo Zhong, Alan M. Miller, Bruce M. Camitta, Biju George, Bipin N. Savani, Celalettin Ustun, David I. Marks, Edmund K. Waller, Frederic Baron, Cesar O. Freytes, Gerard Socie, Gorgun Akpek, Harry C. Schouten, Hillard M. Lazarus, Edwin M. Horwitz, John Koreth, Jean-Yves CahnMartin Bornhauser, Matthew Seftel, Mitchell S. Cairo, Mary. J. Laughlin, Mitchell Sabloff, Olle Ringden, Robert Peter Gale, Rammurti T. Kamble, Ravi Vij, Usama Gergis, Vikram Mathews, Wael Saber, Yi-Bin Chen, Jane L. Liesveld, Corey S. Cutler, Armin Ghobadi, Geoffrey L. Uy, Mary Eapen, Daniel J. Weisdorf, Mark R. Litzow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The impact of pretransplant (hematopoietic cell transplantation [HCT]) cytarabine consolidation therapy on post-HCT outcomes has yet to be evaluated after reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning. We analyzed 604 adults with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission (CR1) reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research who received a reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning HCT from an HLA-identical sibling, HLA-matched unrelated donor, or umbilical cord blood donor from 2000 to 2010. We compared transplant outcomes based on exposure to cytarabine postremission consolidation. Three-year survival rates were 36% (95% confidence interval [CI], 29% to 43%) in the no consolidation arm and 42% (95% CI, 37% to 47%) in the cytarabine consolidation arm (P = .16). Disease-free survival was 34% (95% Cl, 27% to 41%) and 41% (95% CI, 35% to 46%; P = .15), respectively. Three-year cumulative incidences of relapse were 37% (95% CI, 30% to 44%) and 38% (95% Cl, 33% to 43%), respectively (P = .80). Multivariate regression confirmed no effect of consolidation on relapse, disease-free survival, and survival. Before reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning Ha, these data suggest pre-HCT consolidation cytarabine does not significantly alter outcomes and support prompt transition to transplant as soon as morphologic CR1 is attained. If HCT is delayed while identifying a donor, our data suggest that consolidation does not increase transplant treatment-related mortality and is reasonable if required.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-208
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014


  • AML
  • RIC
  • Cytarabine consolidation


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