Effect of polydextrose and soluble maize fibre on energy metabolism, metabolic profile and appetite control in overweight men and women.

E. Konings, P.F. Schoffelen, J. Stegen, E.E. Blaak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

High-fibre diets offer several beneficial health effects. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether replacement of 30% of the available carbohydrates with polydextrose (PDX) or soluble maize fibre (SCF) at breakfast and lunch would result in an increased fat oxidation rate and satiety, which may be of relevance for body weight control and diabetes prevention. In a single-blind, randomised cross-over study, eighteen overweight men and women underwent four different dietary interventions, which consisted of a PDX diet, a SCF diet and two control diets (full energetic and isoenergetic, comparable with PDX with respect to g or energy percentage of macronutrients, respectively). Glycaemic profile, energy expenditure and substrate oxidation were measured for 24h in a respiration chamber. Circulating insulin, NEFA and TAG concentrations were determined over a 14h period during daytime. Appetite ratings were assessed using visual analogue scales. The replacement of available carbohydrates with PDX or SCF reduced the peak glucose response, which was accompanied by reduced postprandial insulin responses. Moreover, higher concentrations of circulating NEFA were observed after consumption of both fibre diets, which were accompanied by an increased fat oxidation over 24h. This effect was mainly attributed to the lower energetic value of the fibre diets and not to the fibres per se. Besides increasing fat oxidation, PDX exerted a pronounced suppressive effect on appetite ratings. The replacement of available carbohydrates with PDX may be of special interest because of its beneficial effects on metabolic profile and it may affect body weight control in the long term.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume111
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Dietary fibre
  • Energy metabolism
  • Fat oxidation
  • Appetite control
  • FATTY-ACID OXIDATION
  • DIETARY FIBER
  • COLONIC FERMENTATION
  • SUBSTRATE OXIDATION
  • RESPIRATION CHAMBER
  • NONSTARCH POLYSACCHARIDE
  • POSTPRANDIAL GLYCEMIA
  • CIRCADIAN PATTERNS
  • WEIGHT CONTROL
  • BODY-WEIGHT

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