Effect of diet-induced weight loss on angiopoietin-like protein 4 and adipose tissue lipid metabolism in overweight and obese humans

Birgitta W. van der Kolk*, Roel G. Vink, Johan W. E. Jocken, Nadia J. T. Roumans, Gijs H. Goossens, Edwin C. M. Mariman, Marleen A. van Baak, Ellen E. Blaak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) plays a role in lipid partitioning by inhibiting lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-dependent plasma clearance of triacylglycerol in adipose tissue. We investigated the effects of diet-induced weight loss on plasma ANGPTL4 concentrations in relation to invivo adipose tissue LPL activity and lipolysis and adipose tissue ANGPTL4 release in overweight/obese participants. Sixteen individuals (BMI: 28-35kg/m(2); 10 women) were randomized to a dietary intervention composed of either a low-calorie diet (1250 kcal/day) for 12 weeks (n=9) or a very low-calorie diet (500 kcal/day) for 5 weeks, followed by a 4-week weight stable period. Before and after the intervention, we measured arteriovenous concentration differences in combination with adipose tissue blood flow before and after intake of a high-fat mixed meal with [U-C-13]-palmitate to assess invivo adipose tissue LPL activity and lipolysis. The intervention significantly reduced body weight (-8.6 +/- 0.6 kg, P

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13735
Number of pages10
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume6
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • angiopoietin-like protein 4
  • lipid metabolism
  • lipoprotein lipase
  • weight loss
  • FREE FATTY-ACIDS
  • LIPOPROTEIN-LIPASE
  • TRIGLYCERIDE-METABOLISM
  • ANGPTL4
  • ADIPOCYTES
  • EXERCISE
  • MUSCLE
  • INACTIVATION
  • LIPOLYSIS
  • GLUCOSE

Cite this