Effect of area of residence on patterns of aeroallergen sensitization in atopic patients

P. A. Mahesh*, Ischa Kummeling, D. H. Amrutha, Pudupakkam K. Vedanthan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: An association with sensitization to inhaled allergens and allergic rhinitis and asthma has been established. A recent study concluded that the disparity in allergen sensitization might primarily be caused by environmental factors rather than genetic differences. The primary objective was to identify potential differences in sensitization among subjects with the same ethnicity in South India who reside in different environments. Methods: Five hundred forty-six patients presenting to a tertiary allergy center with allergic rhinitis and or asthma underwent evaluation using a structured questionnaire, skin-prick testing to common aeroallergens, and spirometry and were categorized according to area of residence. Results: The most common allergens causing sensitization were house-dust mite (range, 65-70%), trees (range, 52-56%), and cockroaches (range, 39-53%). There was lower risk of sensitization to cockroach allergens for subjects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E98-E103
JournalAmerican Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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