Effect of an oral healthcare protocol in nursing homes on care staffs' knowledge and attitude towards oral health care: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

B. Janssens, L. de Visschere, G.J. van der Putten, K. de Lugt-Lustig, J.M.G.A. Schols, J. Vanobbergen

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Abstract

ObjectiveTo explore the impact of a supervised implementation of an oral healthcare protocol, in addition to education, on nurses' and nurses' aides' oral health-related knowledge and attitude.

Materials and methodsA random sample of 12 nursing homes, accommodating a total of 120-150 residents, was obtained using stratified cluster sampling with replacement. The intervention included the implementation of an oral healthcare protocol and three different educational stages. One of theinvestigators supervised the implementation process, supported by a dental hygienist. A 34-item questionnaire was developed and validated to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of nurses andnurses' aides at baseline and 6months after the start of the intervention. Linear mixed-model analyses were performed to explore differences in knowledge and attitude at 6months after implementation.

ResultsAt baseline, no significant differences were observed between the intervention and the control group for both knowledge (p=0.42) and attitude (p=0.37). Six months after the start of the intervention, significant differences were found between the intervention and the control group for the variable knowledge in favour of the intervention group (p

ConclusionThe supervised implementation of an oral healthcare protocol significantly increased the knowledge of nurses and nurses' aides. In contrast, no significant improvements could be demonstrated in attitude.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275–286
Number of pages12
JournalGerodontology
Volume33
Issue number2
Early online date26 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

Keywords

  • oral health
  • nursing homes
  • knowledge
  • attitude
  • gerodontology
  • education
  • RESIDENTS
  • IMPLEMENTATION
  • FACILITIES
  • EDUCATION

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