Een arbeidersbuurt onder de rook van ‘De Sphinx’ : een sociaal-ruimtelijke geschiedenis van het Boschstraatkwartier-Oost te Maastricht, 1829-1904

M.J.Q.M. Van Vugt

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisExternal prepared

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Abstract

In 1834, Petrus Regout laid the foundations for his glass and ceramics empire, which would later become NV De Sphinx. This study explores the socio-spatial effects of the rise of the ceramics industry on the Boschstraatkwartier-Oost, a district in the shadow of the Regout & Co. factories. Seventy-five years after these factories were founded, the socio-demographically diverse district had become an overcrowded slum where slumlords thrived at the expense of the Sphinx employees, popularly known as pottemennekes. Children grew up in appalling conditions and started working in the factories at an early age, even after the ban on child labour was introduced in 1874. In the fifties, sociologists began studying the ‘unsocial families’ living in this disadvantaged area. However, a life-cycle assessment of five generations of families living in the Boschstraatkwartier district revealed far greater variation and subtleties in this community than the sociologists originally assumed.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Knotter, Ad, Supervisor
Award date27 Feb 2015
Place of PublicationHilversum
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789087044930
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Maastricht
  • history
  • De Sphinx

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