Economic uncertainty, parental selection, and children's educational outcomes

A. Chevalier, Olivier Marie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

After the fall of the Berlin Wall, East Germany experienced an unprecedented temporary drop in fertility driven by economic uncertainty. We show that the children born during this transition period performed worse on a range of educational outcomes from an early age onward. The mothers of these children exhibit personal characteristics and family structures consistent with negative parental selection. Investigating the underlying mechanisms reveals that parental educational input and emotional attachment were also lower for these children. Finally, our ability to compare siblings means that we can reject that our results stem from a time of birth effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-430
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Political Economy
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

Keywords

  • GERMAN REUNIFICATION
  • ABORTION LEGALIZATION
  • IMPACT
  • FERTILITY
  • INTERVENTION
  • MECHANISMS
  • COMMUNISM
  • PROGRAM
  • STRESS
  • HEALTH

Cite this

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title = "Economic uncertainty, parental selection, and children's educational outcomes",
abstract = "After the fall of the Berlin Wall, East Germany experienced an unprecedented temporary drop in fertility driven by economic uncertainty. We show that the children born during this transition period performed worse on a range of educational outcomes from an early age onward. The mothers of these children exhibit personal characteristics and family structures consistent with negative parental selection. Investigating the underlying mechanisms reveals that parental educational input and emotional attachment were also lower for these children. Finally, our ability to compare siblings means that we can reject that our results stem from a time of birth effect.",
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Economic uncertainty, parental selection, and children's educational outcomes. / Chevalier, A.; Marie, Olivier.

In: Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 125, No. 2, 04.2017, p. 393-430.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Economic uncertainty, parental selection, and children's educational outcomes

AU - Chevalier, A.

AU - Marie, Olivier

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PY - 2017/4

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AB - After the fall of the Berlin Wall, East Germany experienced an unprecedented temporary drop in fertility driven by economic uncertainty. We show that the children born during this transition period performed worse on a range of educational outcomes from an early age onward. The mothers of these children exhibit personal characteristics and family structures consistent with negative parental selection. Investigating the underlying mechanisms reveals that parental educational input and emotional attachment were also lower for these children. Finally, our ability to compare siblings means that we can reject that our results stem from a time of birth effect.

KW - GERMAN REUNIFICATION

KW - ABORTION LEGALIZATION

KW - IMPACT

KW - FERTILITY

KW - INTERVENTION

KW - MECHANISMS

KW - COMMUNISM

KW - PROGRAM

KW - STRESS

KW - HEALTH

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DO - 10.1086/690830

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JF - Journal of Political Economy

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ER -