Echocardiographic Prediction of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Response Requires Analysis of Both Mechanical Dyssynchrony and Right Ventricular Function: A Combined Analysis of Patient Data and Computer Simulations

Wouter M. van Everdingen*, John Walmsley, Maarten J. Cramer, Iris van Hagen, Bart W. L. De Boeck, Mathias Meine, Tammo Delhaas, Pieter A. Doevendans, Frits W. Prinzen, Joost Lumens, Geert E. Leenders

*Corresponding author for this work

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Background: Pronounced echocardiographically measured mechanical dyssynchrony is a positive predictor of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), whereas right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a negative predictor. The aim of this study was to investigate how RV dysfunction influences the association between mechanical dyssynchrony and left ventricular (LV) volumetric remodeling following CRT.

Methods: One hundred twenty-two CRT candidates (mean LV ejection fraction, 19 +/- 6%; mean QRS width, 168621 msec) were prospectively enrolled and underwent echocardiography before and 6 months after CRT. Volumetric remodeling was defined as percentage reduction in LV end-systolic volume. RV dysfunction was defined as RV fractional area change <35%. Mechanical dyssynchrony was assessed as time to peak strain between the septum and LV lateral wall, interventricular mechanical delay, and septal systolic rebound stretch. Simulations of heart failure with an LV conduction delay in the CircAdapt computer model were used to investigate how LV and RV myocardial contractility influence LV dyssynchrony and acute CRT response.

Results: In the entire patient cohort, higher baseline septal systolic rebound stretch, time to peak strain between the septum and LV lateral wall, and interventricular mechanical delay were all associated with LV volumetric remodeling in univariate analysis (R = 0.599, R = 0.421, and R = 0.410, respectively, P

Conclusions: Mechanical dyssynchrony parameters do not reflect the negative impact of reduced RV contractility on CRT response. Echocardiographic prediction of CRT response should therefore include parameters of mechanical dyssynchrony and RV function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1020
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • Cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • Dyssynchrony
  • Echocardiography
  • RV function
  • Interventricular interaction
  • Computer simulations

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