Early school leaving in the Netherlands : a multidisciplinary study of risk and protective factors explaining early school-leaving

T. Traag

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

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In spite of a decrease in the number of early school leavers in the last few years, 8.2 percent of the 18 to 24 year olds in the Netherlands had no basic qualification (a diploma at secondary education level) in 2012. This dissertation describes a number of factors that influence early school leaving, a process that starts already at a young age. Inadequate school performance, a lack of motivation, low educated parents, having friends at the age of twelve who are also early school leavers and follow education at categorical pre-vocational secondary education (Vmbo), appear good predictors of early school leaving. This raises the question whether interventions and preventive measures should not be implemented at a younger age during primary education.

Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • van der Velden, Rolf, Supervisor
Award date13 Dec 2012
Place of PublicationDen Haag
Print ISBNs978-90-357-1827-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • early school leaving
  • preventive measures

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