Early-postnatal iron deficiency impacts plasticity in the dorsal and ventral hippocampus in piglets

Ellis Nelissen, Jochen De Vry, Alexandra Antonides, Dean Paes, Melissa Schepers, Franz Josef van der Staay, Jos Prickaerts, Tim Vanmierlo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)
39 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this study, we investigated whether alterations in plasticity markers such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) and tyrosine receptor kinase B (TrkB) are underlying iron deficiency (ID)-induced cognitive impairments in iron depleted piglets. Newborn piglets were either fed an iron depleted diet (21 mg Fe/kg) or an iron-sufficient diet (88 mg Fe/kg) for four weeks. Subsequently, eight weeks after iron repletion (190-240 mg Fe/kg) we found a significant decrease in mature BDNF (14 kDa) and proBDNF (18 kDa and 24 kDa) protein levels in the ventral hippocampus, whereas we found increases in the dorsal hippocampus. The phosphorylation of CAMP response element binding protein (CREB) follows the mature BDNF protein level pattern. No effects were found on BDNF and CREB protein levels in the prefrontal cortex. The protein levels of the high affinity BDNF receptor, TrkB, was significantly decreased in both dorsal and ventral hippocampus of ID piglets, whereas it was increased in the prefrontal cortex. Together, our data suggest a disrupted hippocampal plasticity upon postnatal ID.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-51
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Volume59
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • Iron deficiency
  • Neuronal plasticity
  • Pig
  • BDNF
  • PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH
  • CA1 PYRAMIDAL NEURONS
  • ADULT-RAT HIPPOCAMPUS
  • NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR
  • BRAIN GROWTH
  • SYNAPTIC PLASTICITY
  • FACTOR EXPRESSION
  • NERVOUS-SYSTEM
  • DOMESTIC PIG
  • ALTERS

Cite this