Early diagnosis of intestinal ischemia using urinary and plasma Fatty Acid binding proteins

G. Thuijls, K. van Wijck, J. Grootjans, J.P.M. Derikx, A.A. van Bijnen, E. Heineman, C.H.C. Dejong, W.A. Buurman*, M. Poeze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: This study aims at improving diagnosis of intestinal ischemia, by measuring plasma and urinary fatty acid binding protein (FABP) levels. Methods: Fifty consecutive patients suspected of intestinal ischemia were included and blood and urine were sampled at time of suspicion. Plasma and urinary concentrations of intestinal FABP (I-FABP), liver FABP (L-FABP) and ileal bile acid binding protein (I-BABP) were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assays. Results: Twenty-two patients suspected of intestinal ischemia were diagnosed with intestinal ischemia, 24 patients were diagnosed with other diseases, and 4 patients were excluded from further analysis fulfilling exclusion criteria. Median plasma concentrations of I-FABP and L-FABP and urinary concentrations of all 3 markers were significantly higher in patients with proven intestinal ischemia than in patients suspected of intestinal ischemia with other final diagnoses (plasma I-FABP; 653 pg/mL vs. 109 pg/mL, P = 0.02, plasma L-FABP; 117 ng/mL vs. 25 ng/mL, P = 0.006, urine I-FABP; 3377 pg/mL vs. 115 pg/mL, P = 0.001, urine L-FABP; 1,199 ng/mL vs. 37 ng/mL, P = 0.004, urine I-BABP; 48.6 ng/mL vs. 0.6 ng/mL, P = 0.002). Positive and negative likelihood ratios significantly increased positive posttest probability and decreased negative posttest probability on intestinal ischemia. In patients with intestinal ischemia a trend to higher plasma I-BABP levels was observed when the ileum was involved (18.4 ng/mL vs. 2.9 ng/mL, P = 0.05). Conclusion: Plasma and especially urinary I-FABP and L-FABP levels and urinary I-BABP levels can improve early diagnosis of intestinal ischemia. Furthermore, plasma I-BABP levels can help in localizing ileal ischemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-308
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


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