Dynamic role of the transmembrane glycoprotein CD36 (SR-B2) in cellular fatty acid uptake and utilization

Jan F. C. Glatz*, Joost J. F. P. Luiken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

108 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The widely expressed transmembrane glycoprotein, cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36), a scavenger receptor class B protein (SR-B2), serves many functions in lipid metabolism and signaling. Here, we review CD36's role in facilitating cellular long-chain fatty acid uptake across the plasma membrane, particularly in heart and skeletal muscles. CD36 acts in concert with other membrane proteins, such as peripheral plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein, and is an intracellular docking site for cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding protein. The cellular fatty-acid uptake rate is governed primarily by the presence of CD36 at the cell surface, which is regulated by the subcellular vesicular recycling of CD36 from endosomes to the plasma membrane. CD36 has been implicated in dysregulated fatty acid and lipid metabolism in pathophysiological conditions, particularly in high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance and diabetic cardiomyopathy. Current research is exploring signaling pathways and vesicular trafficking routes involving CD36 to identify metabolic targets to manipulate the cellular utilization of fatty acids. Because of its rate-controlling function in the use of fatty acids in the heart and muscle, CD36 would be a preferable target to protect myocytes against lipotoxicity. Despite a poor understanding of its mechanism of action, CD36 has emerged as a pivotal membrane protein involved in whole-body lipid homeostasis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1084-1093
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • cluster of differentiation 36
  • scavenger receptor B2
  • heart
  • muscle
  • RAT CARDIAC MYOCYTES
  • ALPHA-DEFICIENT MICE
  • ACYL-COA SYNTHETASE
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • LIPID-METABOLISM
  • PLASMA-MEMBRANE
  • RECEPTOR CD36
  • CONTRACTILE DYSFUNCTION
  • BINDING PROTEIN
  • TRANSPORT

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