Dopaminergic and noradrenergic manipulation of anticipatory reward and probability event-related potentials

I. Schutte*, P.K.H. Deschamps, P.N. van Harten, J.L. Kenemans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Predicting what will happen in the future in terms of potential reward is essential in daily life. The aim of the current study was to investigate the neurotransmitter systems involved in the anticipation of reward value and probability. We hypothesized that dopaminergic and noradrenergic antagonism would affect anticipation of reward value and probability, respectively. Twenty-three healthy participants were included in a haloperidol (2 mg) x clonidine (0.150 mg) x placebo cross-over design and subjected to a Go/NoGo experimental task during which cues signaled the probability of subsequent target appearance. Reward value (amount of money that could be won for correct and fast responding to the target) as well as probability of target appearance was orthogonally manipulated across four task blocks. Cue-elicited EEG event-related potentials were recorded to assess anticipation of value and probability, respectively. The processing of reward value was affected by dopaminergic antagonism (haloperidol), as evidenced by reduction of the reward-related positivity and P300 to reward cues. This reduction was specifically significant for subjects with high baseline dopamine levels for the P300 and most pronounced for these subjects for the reward-related positivity. In contrast, the processing of reward probability was affected by noradrenergic antagonism (clonidine). In addition, both drugs reduced overall performance (omission rate, response speed variability). We conclude that at least anticipation of reward value and probability, respectively, is specifically affected by dopaminergic versus noradrenergic antagonism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2019-2030
Number of pages12
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume237
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • brain
  • clonidine
  • components
  • dopamine
  • event-related potentials
  • haloperidol
  • inhibition
  • modulation
  • noradrenaline
  • norepinephrine
  • occupancy
  • p300
  • prediction errors
  • probability
  • responses
  • reward
  • reward positivity
  • sensitivity
  • PREDICTION ERRORS
  • P300
  • SENSITIVITY
  • Event-related potentials
  • Haloperidol
  • OCCUPANCY
  • INHIBITION
  • Reward positivity
  • Clonidine
  • BRAIN
  • MODULATION
  • Dopamine
  • Probability
  • COMPONENTS
  • CLONIDINE
  • RESPONSES
  • Norepinephrine
  • Reward
  • NORADRENALINE

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