Dopamine (DA) is an important modulator in nociception and analgesia. Spinal DA receptors are involved in descending modulation of the nociceptive transmission. Genetic variations within DA neurotransmission have been associated with altered pain sensitivity and development of chronic pain syndromes. The variant rs6277 in dopamine receptor 2 a (drd2a) has been associated with a decreased D2 receptor availability and increased nociception. The aim of this study is to further characterize the role of DA neurotransmission in nociception and the anti-nociceptive function of drd2a. The phenotype caused by rs6277 was modelled in zebrafish larvae using morpholino's and the effect on nociception was tested using a validated behavioural assay. The anti-nociceptive role of drd2a was tested using pharmacological intervention of D2 agonist Quinpirole. The experiments demonstrate that a decrease in drd2a expression results in a pro-nociceptive behavioural phenotype (P = 0.016) after a heat stimulus. Furthermore, agonism of drd2a with agonist Quinpirole (0.2 mu M) results in dose-dependent anti-nociception (P = 0.035) after a heat stimulus. From these results it is concluded that the dopamine receptor drd2a is involved in anti-nociceptive behaviour in zebrafish. The model allows further screening and testing of genetic variation and treatment involved in nociception.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||European Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Dec 2021|
- Danio rerio
- PAIN PERCEPTION