Does stress influence sleep patterns, food intake, weight gain, abdominal obesity and weight loss interventions and vice versa?

N R W Geiker, A. Astrup, M F Hjorth, A Sjödin, L Pijls, R C Markus

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Decades of research have reported only weak associations between the intakes of specific foods or drinks and weight gain and obesity. Randomized controlled dietary intervention trials have only shown very modest effects of changes in nutrient intake and diet composition on body weight in obese subjects. This review summarizes the scientific evidence on the role mental stress (either in or not in association with impaired sleep) may play in poor sleep, enhanced appetite, cravings and decreased motivation for physical activity. All these factors contribute to weight gain and obesity, possibly via decreasing the efficacy of weight loss interventions. We also review evidence for the role that lifestyle and stress management may play in achieving weight loss in stress-vulnerable individuals with overweight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81–97
Number of pages17
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume19
Issue number1
Early online date28 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article
  • Review
  • METABOLIC SYNDROME
  • TERM CORTISOL-LEVELS
  • COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
  • cravings
  • CIRCADIAN-RHYTHM
  • visceral obesity
  • Cortisol
  • sleep
  • WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE
  • 5-HTTLPR GENOTYPE
  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS
  • PITUITARY-ADRENAL AXIS
  • LIFE EVENTS
  • Life Style
  • Prevalence
  • Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Stress, Physiological
  • Exercise
  • Observational Studies as Topic
  • Weight Gain
  • Appetite
  • Body Mass Index
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Sleep
  • Diet
  • Weight Loss
  • Anxiety/complications

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