Does perceived support in employee development affect personnel turnover?

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Abstract

This article focuses on whether it is beneficial for firms to invest in the general skills of their workforce or whether these training investments merely encourage personnel turnover. Estimation results derived from a sample of 2833 dutch pharmacy assistants show that participation in general training does not induce employees' intention to quit, as predicted by human capital theory. We find that a firm's investments in general training significantly contribute to the perceived support in employee development (psed) among the workforce, as predicted by social exchange theory. Moreover, we show that psed is negatively related to employees' intention to quit the firm; however, this effect is to a large extent mediated by employee job satisfaction. Our findings support the importance of social exchange theory in explaining turnover behaviour as a consequence of personnel development practices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2403-2418
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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