AIMS: We investigated in a double-blind study whether metformin reduces blood pressure (BP) in patients with Type 2 diabetes intensively treated with insulin. METHODS: A total of 220 patients with Type 2 diabetes were asked to undergo 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring (24-h ABPM). One hundred and eighty-two gave informed consent. Eighty-nine were randomized to metformin and 93 to placebo. Thirty-five subjects dropped out (13 placebo, 22 metformin users); 147 patients underwent a second 24-h ABPM, 16 weeks after randomization. RESULTS: Systolic BP (SBP), diastolic BP (DBP), pulse BP (PP), mean BP (MP) and heart rate (HR) were measured as office BP measurements and as 24-h ABPM for 24-h, day and night. Office BP measurements did not differ significantly between the placebo- and metformin-treated groups for any BP measure, but showed a non-significant trend for SBP reduction with metformin use (mean baseline-adjusted difference, metformin minus placebo: -4.2 mmHg, 95% CI, -9.9 to +1.5; P = 0.15). The baseline-adjusted differences of the ambulatory measurements were -0.2 mmHg (95% CI, -2.9 to +2.6) for the 24-h SBP, and +1.1 mmHg (95% CI, -0.7 to +2.8) for the 24-h DBP. On the whole, BP differences between metformin- and placebo-treated groups were not statistically significant. The only significant difference was for night-time PP (baseline-adjusted difference: -2.2 mmHg; 95% CI, -4.2 to -0.2). These results were not different after adjustment for age and diabetes duration, or for (changes in) body mass index, glycated haemoglobin, insulin dose or plasma homocysteine. CONCLUSION: Metformin does not significantly affect BP in patients with Type 2 diabetes intensively treated with insulin.
Wulffele, M. G., Kooy, A., Lehert, P., Bets, D., Donker, A. J., & Stehouwer, C. D. (2005). Does metformin decrease blood pressure in patients with Type 2 diabetes intensively treated with insulin? Diabetic Medicine, 22(7), 907-913. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-5491.2005.01554.x