Does mechanical dyssynchrony in addition to QRS area ensure sustained response to cardiac resynchronization therapy?

Philippe C Wouters*, Wouter M van Everdingen, Kevin Vernooy, Bastiaan Geelhoed, Cornelis P Allaart, Michiel Rienstra, Alexander H Maass, Marc A Vos, Frits W Prinzen, Mathias Meine, Maarten J Cramer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


AIMS: Judicious patient selection for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) may further enhance treatment response. Progress has been made by using improved markers of electrical dyssynchrony and mechanical discoordination, using QRSAREA, and systolic rebound stretch of the septum (SRSsept) or systolic stretch index (SSI), respectively. To date, the relation between these measurements has not yet been investigated.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 240 CRT patients were prospectively enrolled from six centres. Patients underwent standard 12-lead electrocardiography, and echocardiography, at baseline, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. QRSAREA was derived using vectorcardiography, and SRSsept and SSI were measured using strain-analysis. Reverse remodelling was measured as the relative decrease in left ventricular end-systolic volume, indexed to body surface area (ΔLVESVi). Sustained response was defined as ≥15% decrease in LVESVi, at both 6- and 12-month follow-up. QRSAREA and SRSsept were both strong, multivariable adjusted, variables associated with reverse remodelling. SRSsept was associated with response, but only in patients with QRSAREA ≥ 120 μVs (AUC = 0.727 vs. 0.443). Combined presence of SRSsept ≥ 2.5% and QRSAREA ≥ 120 μVs significantly increased reverse remodelling compared with high QRSAREA alone (ΔLVESVi 38 ± 21% vs. 22 ± 21%). As a result, 92% of left bundle branch block (LBBB)-patients with combined electrical and mechanical dysfunction were 'sustained' volumetric responders, as opposed to 51% with high QRSAREA alone.

CONCLUSION: Parameters of mechanical dyssynchrony are better associated with response in the presence of a clear underlying electrical substrate. Combined presence of high SRSsept and QRSAREA, but not high QRSAREA alone, ensures a sustained response after CRT in LBBB patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1628-1635
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number12
Early online date6 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2022


  • cardiac resynchronization therapy
  • echocardiography
  • heart failure
  • strain imaging
  • QRS area
  • WORK

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