Does Individual Performance Feedback Increase the Use of Retrieval Practice?

L.T. Hui*, A.B.H. de Bruin, J. Donkers, J.J.G. van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

The testing effect-the power of retrieval practice to enhance long-term knowledge retention more than restudying does-is a well-known phenomenon in learning. However, retrieval practice is hardly appreciated by students and underutilized when studying. One of the reasons is that learners usually do not experience immediate benefits of such practice which often present only after a delay. We therefore conducted 2 experiments to examine whether students choose retrieval practice more often as their learning strategy after having experienced its benefits. In Experiment 1, students received individual feedback about the extent to which their 7-day delayed test scores after retrieval practice differed from their test scores after restudy. Those students who had actually experienced the benefits of retrieval practice appreciated the strategy more and used it more often after receiving feedback. In Experiment 2, we compared the short-term and long-term effects on retrieval practice use of individual performance feedback and general instruction about the testing effect. Although both interventions enhanced its use in the short term, only the individual feedback led to enhanced use in the long term by those who had actually experienced its benefits, demonstrating the superiority of the individual feedback in terms of its ability to promote retrieval practice use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1835-1857
Number of pages23
JournalEducational Psychology Review
Volume33
Issue number4
Early online date20 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Feedback
  • Mental effort
  • Perceived utility
  • Retrieval practice
  • Testing effect
  • RETENTION
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • STRATEGIES
  • ACHIEVEMENT
  • MEMORY
  • BELIEFS
  • LEARNERS
  • STUDENTS USE
  • BENEFITS
  • JUDGMENTS

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