Does high-variation training facilitate transfer of training in paediatric transthoracic echocardiography?

C.J. McMahon*, S. Gallagher, A. James, A. Deery, M. Rhodes, J.J.G. van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Factors that facilitate transfer of training in paediatric echocardiography remain poorly understood. This study assessed whether high-variation training facilitated successful transfer in paediatric echocardiography. Methods: A mixed-methods study of transfer of technical and interpretive skill application amongst postgraduate trainees. Trainees were randomised to a low or high-variation training group. After a period of 8 weeks intensive echocardiography training, we video-recorded how trainees completed an echocardiogram in a complex cardiac lesion not previously encountered. Blinded quantitative analysis and scoring of trainee performance (echocardiogram performance, report, and technical proficiency) were performed using a validated assessment tool by a blinded cardiologist and senior cardiac physiologist. Qualitative interviews of the trainees were recorded to ascertain trainee experiences during the training and transfer process. Results: Sixteen trainees were enrolled in the study. For the cumulative score for all three components tested (echocardiogram performance, report, and technical proficiency), chi(2) = 8.223, p = .016, which showed the high-variation group outperformed the low-variation group. Two common themes which assisted in the transfer emerged from interviews are as follows: (1) use of strategies described in variation theory to describe abnormal hearts, (2) the use of formative live feedback from trainers during hands-on training. Conclusion: Training strategies exposing trainees to high-variation training may aid transfer of paediatric echocardiography skills.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1047951120004412
Pages (from-to)602-608
Number of pages7
JournalCardiology in the Young
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Echocardiography
  • education
  • variation
  • skills
  • training
  • transfer
  • AMERICAN-SOCIETY
  • TASK-FORCE
  • TRANSESOPHAGEAL ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY
  • BOOT CAMP
  • PERFORMANCE
  • GUIDELINES
  • COUNCIL
  • ACQUISITION
  • COMPETENCE
  • STANDARDS

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