The present study examined if habit strength moderated the influence of intention on fruit consumption in a Dutch adult sample ( N = 521, 46.3% males, mean age 34.50, SD = 10.87), using the theoretical relations of the Theory of Planned Behaviour ( TPB). TPB variables and habit strength were assessed at baseline. Fruit consumption was assessed with a validated questionnaire five weeks later. Three groups were created: low habit strength ( n = 180), medium habit strength ( n = 185) and high habit strength ( n = 156). Confirmatory factor analyses and multi-group path analyses were performed using AMOS 4.0. A good fit was obtained for the overall measurement model and the structural models. Multi-group path analyses showed that intention was a significant predictor of fruit consumption in the low habit ( beta = 0.36, p <0.001) and medium habit group (beta = 0.30, p <0.001), but a non-significant predictor in the high habit group (beta = 0.05, p = 0.596). Implications for information-based and motivation-based interventions are discussed.
de Bruijn, G. J., Kremers, S. P. J., de Nooijer, J. M., de Vet, E. W., van Mechelen, W., & Brug, J. (2007). Does habit strength moderate the intention-behaviour relationship in the theory of planned behaviour? The case of fruit consumption. Psychology & Health, 22, 899-916. https://doi.org/10.1080/14768320601176113