Distinct characteristics of psychopathy relate to different subtypes of aggression.

M.J. Cima - Knijff*, A. Raine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

144 Citations (Web of Science)


This article both selectively reviews the evidence supporting the view that reactive and proactive aggression actually reflect related but separate constructs, and also investigates the selective relationship between these forms of aggression and psychopathic personality in 121 male prison inmates. Results show that total psychopathy scores were related to residualized scores of proactive (but not reactive) aggression. However, different sub-characteristics of psychopathy were differentially related to reactive as well as proactive aggression. Results support the view that reactive and proactive aggression have differential correlates, and suggest that while psychopathic personality is predominantly characterized by proactive aggression, some psychopathy components are more related to reactive aggression.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-840
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

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