Variants of the C19ORF12-gene have been described in patients with spastic paraplegia type 43 and in patients with mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN), a subtype of neurodegeneration associated with brain iron accumulation (NBIA). In both subtypes optic atrophy and neuropathy have been frequently described. This case report describes a patient with bilateral optic atrophy and severe distal muscle weakness based on motor neuropathy without involvement of the central nervous system. Exome sequencing revealed a homozygous pathogenic missense variant (c.187G>C;p.Ala63Pro) of the C19ORF12-gene while iron deposits were absent on repeat MR-imaging of the brain, thus showing that peripheral neuropathy and optic neuropathy can be the sole manifestations of the C19ORF12-related disease spectrum whereby iron accumulation in the brain may be absent.
- Motor neuropathy
- Mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN)
- Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation(NBIA)
- HEREDITARY SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA